Authors: Mallama Anthony, Aelion Halley M., and Mallama Celeste A.
Title: Jovian satellite positions from Hubble Space Telescope images
Keywords: Jupiter, galilean, observation, small, spacecraft, position, data
Abstract: An accurate technique has been developed for measuring planetocentric positions of Jupiter's satellites from Wide Field/Planetary Camera images. Our method of finding the centers of the satellites and planet is based upon established limb-fitting techniques, but we have adapted those techniques to astrometry. We compare our limb-fitting results with previously published work and discuss its errors. A model ellipse is generated from the physiephemeris of the planet including its phase defect. Then the planet center coordinates are computed by fitting the model to the limb observations using the method of least squares. A satellite position is determined similarly, and its offset from the planet is calculated. A total of 76 positions of the galileans satellites, the small moon Amalthea, and the shadows of Io and Ganymede cast on Jupiter have been measured on 61 images. Comparison between the observational results and JPL satellite ephemerides demonstrates the validity of this new method of analysis. The accuracy of the galilean satellite measurements is estimated to be 0.04 arcsec in right ascension and in declination.
%F: AA(Raytheon ITSS, 1616 McCormick Dr., Upper Marlboro, MD 20774, USA; <EMAIL>email@example.com</EMAIL>), AB(The Key School, Annapolis, MD 21403, USA), AC(The Key School, Annapolis, MD 21403, USA)
Bibliogaphic Code: 2004Icar..167..320M
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